The sea highway is a concept to improve the logistics transportation process in Indonesia which is currently being intensively implemented by the leadership of the 7th President of Indonesia, Joko Widodo. With this concept, it is hoped that the distribution process of goods (especially food) in Indonesia will become easier. Then, it has an impact on the prices of basic commodities which are more evenly distributed throughout Indonesia. The concept of the sea toll does not necessarily create a toll road over the sea. Rather it is a barrier-free shipping lane that connects almost all ports in Indonesia.
In the implementation process, there are several obstacles where users find it difficult to access marine toll services which are still manual. To overcome this, on December 15, 2020, the Sea Toll Information System (Sitolaut) application was launched which will make it easier for the public and related stakeholders to access marine toll services. The launching of the sea toll road is the right step because it can change the loading and unloading service process for marine toll goods that were previously done manually to online. The government hopes that the community and relevant stakeholders can access all information related to the implementation of the marine highway program easily, transparently and communicatively anytime and anywhere.
SITOLAUT COLLABORATION WITH BRISTORE AND BRIVA WEB SERVICES
On August 13, 2021, the Ministry of Transportation through the Directorate General of Sea Transportation collaborated with Bank Rakyat Indonesia (BRI) to integrate the Sitolaut application with BRI digital banking services, namely the BRISTORE application and BRIVA Web Service.
Based on Dephub.go.id, the collaboration was inaugurated by the process of signing a cooperation agreement by the Director General of Sea Transportation and the Director of Institutional Relations and BUMN BRI, which was witnessed directly by the Minister of Transportation Budi Karya Sumadi, at the Ministry of Transportation Office. With this collaboration, it is expected to be able to facilitate logistics distribution and optimize the sea highway program, especially in underdeveloped, outermost, innermost and border areas (3TP).
Through the integration of Sitolaut with BRISTORE, it can facilitate registration through the marine toll application for business actors who will register as providers of goods and shippers using marine toll vessels. In addition, through the BRIVA service, it is easier to pay for sea toll container orders from shippers to ship operators.
This is a good step in our efforts to reach the smallest end users or traders in areas served by sea toll routes. They can order goods directly through their devices. This is done to avoid monopoly from certain parties which makes the prices of goods from this sea toll uncompetitive.
There are several advantages in using this application to help the logistics sector, including facilitating logistics distribution and eliminating price disparities in areas that are expected to increase economic growth and the welfare of people in the region. In addition, it is also expected to be able to expand information about the sea toll road to the business community in the 3TP area, which is expected to be able to participate in sending agricultural products or their commodity products so that they can optimize the reverse charge of the sea toll.
CONSTRAINTS EXPERIENCED BY BUSINESSES IN THE SEA TOLL PROCESS
The obstacle in the sea toll process that still often arises is the readiness of port infrastructure in Eastern Indonesia, such as the Tanjung Perak (Surabaya) – Merauke (PP) sea toll route. Due to the limitations of the Dobo and Moa ports, the loading and unloading process takes a longer time. In addition, the port also does not have land for container stacking, and the transport vehicles cannot use large ones.
At Moa Port, the Port is not strong enough to withstand a ship load of more than 3,000 DWT. The depth of the pier is only sufficient for drafts below six meters so that when the water recedes the ship cannot dock.
Another obstacle also occurs in the infrastructure for the sea toll ship route with the Tanjung Perak-Timika (PP) Port route. At the port of Agats also experienced a similar obstacle, the ship could not pull over at the port because the strength of the pier was not strong enough to withstand the weight of the ship. In addition to infrastructure constraints, another is related to the cargo of goods because there is no balance between the cargo sent to eastern Indonesia and those to be transported back.
Therefore, the development of marine highway infrastructure needs to be considered in order to develop the concept of the sea toll road that will facilitate the logistics sector.