As a maritime country, the development of the Fisheries sector in Indonesia has made quite an improvement. This is evident through the achievements of the Fisheries sector in Indonesia within the past couple of years, particularly in 2017. According to the National Gross Domestic Products (PDB), the Fisheries sector reached up to 6.75 percent or in other words, has gone up by 31 percent within the National PDB in comparison to 2016. The value of the National PDB stated is much higher than the average rate of the National growth of PDB of which is only 5.3 percent. The performance by the GDP in terms of the Fisheries sector is supported by the volume of the aquaculture production within the last 5 years (2013-2017) which states experienced a growth rate with an average of 5.11 percent, whereas in 2017 the figures are considered temporary as the production volume of the aquaculture production reached up to 16.16 million ton.
The achievement mentioned does not go away from the players of the fisheries sector across Indonesia. Based on data statistics, there has been an increase in the number of fishing companies of above 25 percent since 2017. This has increased production volume of the fishing industry, particularly in Central Java. It is stated that the production volume of fishes caught in 2017 reached up to 174,590 ton, which exhibits an impressive increase in comparison to the amount in 2016, of which was only 99,629 ton. There were approximately 122 fishing companies that were operating, and that value is predicted to continuously increase in demand in the next few years.
Nonetheless, the fisheries sector is experiencing a classic obstacle within the business of which is the lack of resources after using the main product as its main product. Based on data statistics, they are still facing negative growth in numerous amount of operating aquaculture companies. The peak was shown in 2017 where 4 types of cultivation such as ponds, hatcheries, freshwater, and seawater almost experienced a decline from 6 percent up to 15 percent, alongside 17 companies that have stopped operating. From the types of cultivation stated above, only hatcheries experienced a growth rate of 9 percent.
Based on the information above, the instability between the population or the production results of the fishing companies is continuously increasing in comparison to the cultivation companies, whereas in terms of population the fishing industry continues to increase as the aquaculture industry declines. This may cause a scarcity of resources in fishing results of which is the main raw material of the fishery product. Although the production demands continue to rise, it is due to the limitations that companies will face difficulties in meeting the demands and increasing performance levels of the business. Furthermore, companies will have to import the supplies they are lacking therefore also having to increase their market price, this will result in the decline in the exportation of fish products. Other than that, there are still many obstacles that may hamper the growth of this sector, such as infrastructure.
As a way of handling this situation, the Indonesian Ministry of Maritime Affairs and Fisheries with be taking forth a program that has been prioritized to strengthen the aquaculture and fishery sector in 2019. With a variety of prioritized programs one of them being an independent feed movement of which has shown positive impacts towards an efficient increase in cultivation production as well as adding value to business profits. The program itself has also allowed small-scale fish farmers to experience an additional increase of 30 percent. Aside from that, this program has also helped with utilizing local product resources and helped with the import of raw materials, particularly soy and fish flour.
Based on numerous researches, processed data, and consideration, VISI has predicted that by the 3rd quarter of 2019, the fisheries sector will remain stagnant alongside the growth of 3.66 percent or remain the same as the rate in the previous year. However, it will be different if there is a significant difference in the result of cultivation and fishing.