PT. Visi Globalindo Data Utama has predicted that in the second quarter of 2019, the livestock sector will experience an increase as large as 5% compared to the previous year. If compared with the previous period, it is predicted that there will be a decrease in growth value of 1.07 points and based on the track record of 2018, during the first quarter of 2018, there was a growth of 4.13%, as the second quarter experienced an increase of 6.07% that was affected by the exercise of fasting during Ramadan and Eid-Al-Fitr, along with the third quarter as they experienced a growth of 5.12%.
Based on data published by the Statistics of Indonesia (BPS) 2018, during 2017, there were 2 goat breeding companies, 2 pork breeding companies whilst buffaloes, horses and sheep nurseries were not available yet. In addition, there were 2 cattle farms, 1 horse farming, 5 goat farming companies, 4 sheep farming companies, and 15 pig farming companies. The total of non-cattle farms in Indonesia at the time was only 4 nursery companies and 27 aquaculture companies, the rest being cattle farm companies.
It is predicted that until 2020, the government will still need to import. Cattle going in succession in 2018 were around 386.94 thousand heads, 311.52 heads in 2019, and 222.13 heads in 2020. Self-sufficiency in beef is estimated to reach up until 2021 and for the first time ever, our country experienced a surplus of beef amounting to 9.19 thousand tons. Whereas based on the data produced in 2017, the number of animals slaughtered was 32,909 buffaloes, 3094 horses, 193,649 goats, 107,704 sheep, and 518,602 pig and in 2018, it is estimated that the number will continue to increase, even though the legitimate data is currently undergoing the collection process.
Looking at some of its prospects, the Ministry of Agriculture has addressed that the government continues to strive to increase the export potential of various strategic commodities in the agricultural sector, including livestock commodities. Based on the last data of 2018, Indonesia has primarily exported 2,100 sheep with an estimated value of IDR 3.78 billion.
The exported sheep were rams, they were intended for beef cattle. The export is expected to carry on continuously in accordance with the cooperation agreement between PT. Inkopmar Cahaya Buana with importers in Malaysia, projected that the demands in Malaysia is as many as 5,000 per month, which can be supplied from Indonesia, the result that is expected of is 60,000 sheep per year in order for the country of Malaysia to be content. For future references, the export itself is hoped to not only used by PT. Inkopmar Cahaya Buana but also throughout the players in Indonesia to encourage the development of the livestock sector.