Based on fruit production data from the Statistic Indonesia in 2018, there was an increase in production of more than 50% from several groups of fruits, namely apples (51%), cantaloupe (73%), and duku / langsat / kokosan (71%). That is a very good thing. However, these fruit groups constitute a minority of the fruits produced in Indonesia so that the volume of improvement is only equal to the increase in the volume of the most produced fruits such as pineapple (1%), mango (19%), orange siam/keprok (11%), banana (1%), and durian (44%).
As for the vegetable category, in 2018, the mushroom group experienced a very significant increase in production volume of 31,052 tons, or 739% from the previous year. This was caused by high rainfall, which maximizes fungal growth (especially oyster mushrooms). In addition, the market potential for oyster mushrooms is not only domestically but also abroad.
Other categories of vegetables that have a sizeable production are shallots, potatoes, cabbage, and large chili, while the rest is only about 30% -50% of the volume in the group.
Lack of production capacity and stable quality to meet the large market needs of horticultural products cause still much demand for imported products. Besides, there are still several challenges to be faced, such as climate change, competitiveness, supply stability, vulnerable world markets, international trade regulations, and other issues. Therefore, the Ministry of Agriculture (Kementan) finalized the 2020-2024 Horticulture Grand Design program.
Kementan considers that they should design the horticultural area to become a more comprehensive Grand Design and able to answer challenges to global markets that are increasingly dynamic. During the year 2020-2024, it will be a period to determines whether Indonesia can compete in the global market. Solving these challenges will have a positive impact on the growth in the sector. However, so far, VISI predicted that in the year 2020, it would experience a decrease in growth by 0.1924 or decreased to 5.3376 percent. The value is based on growth trends over the past 9 years. Looking at the current condition of Indonesia, extreme weather, it will be one of the decline factors.