PT. Visi Globalindo Data Utama has predicted that the agriculture sector during the second quarter of 2019 will experience an increase of 3.06%. The percentage value itself will face a decline if compared to 2018 which reached a growth value of 3.5%.
The ministry of agriculture has predicted that in 2019, the demands of rice will remain stagnant up until 2021, of which is inert to the value of 114.60 (per kg/ per capita/ per year). Although it appears as stagnant, there is a change in the proportion of direct and indirect consumption volume. Since 2017 there has been a decline in direct consumption and is predicted to continue until 2021, although it appears the opposite for indirect consumers that have been predicted to sustain an increase. The decline in direct consumption in 2021 will reach a figure of 0.70%. Whereas in 2019, there will be an increase of up to 1.12% in the demands of rice compared to 2018 which is equal to 30,709,843 tons. This is based on the prediction of population growth of 1.12% in 2019. With that being said, there will be a supply of 50,215,574 tons of rice alongside an additional supply of 17,823,509 tons. The supply is based on production volumes, export-import, grain usage, and GKG conversion into Rice.
Other crops such as corn are also predicted to maintain an increase until 2021 with growth in the range of 4%. By 2019, it has been predicted that the production of corn will experience growth of 4.61% or as much as 29,927,856 tons. If we were to look at the projections of household corn consumption, the consumption of corn within the household per capita in 2017 up to 2021 is estimated to decline up to 4,05% per year. This also happened to national corn consumption which fell by 3.02% per year, even though the population in the same period increased by an average of 1.13% per year. This value is inversely proportional to the growth of corn production which at the same time period reached an average growth rate of 3.97% per year. This has indicated that the direct household consumption of corn as a daily staple food has decreased, and has switched to consuming processed corn instead.
Other than that, The Director General of Food Crops from the Ministry of Agriculture has stated that in order to increase soybean production in 2019, his party plans to provide one million hectares of soybean crops to farmers throughout Indonesia. The Ministry of Agriculture also ensures that a number of regions, which have by far been the center of soybean production, will also carry out their self-help programs so that this will increase the amount of soybean production in 2019, with an average planting area of 350 thousand to 400 thousand hectares. With that being said, it is expected that a number of specific steps will be stimulated to increase soybean production in 2019,
As for some other food crops such as wheat, potatoes, taro, and many others will also continue to be improved so that it can make a positive contribution towards the growth of the agriculture sector in 2019.